What Emergency Materials Your Truck Tires Need

Truck Tire Blowout Causes

A tire blowout is when a tire quickly loses air pressure so severely that it “blows” and the driver loses control. Although modern tires are more reliable than ever and blowouts don’t happen as much as they used to, they definitely still occur and can quickly create a dangerous situation.

In many cases, they lead to devastating truck accidents, especially when the truck is moving at a high speed. Sadly, 738 motor vehicle traffic fatalities involved tire-related crashes in 2017. 

If you’ve ever driven on the highway or Interstate and have noticed scattered remains of tires, you’ve seen the leftovers of a tire blowout. In this post, we’ll discuss some common tire blowout causes, the types of accidents that can occur and what truck drivers should do if a tire blows out.

Causes of Truck Tire Explosions

There are a lot of factors that can contribute to a tire blowout. In some cases, the driver is completely at fault, and it’s due to an oversight on their end. Other times, the problem may lie solely in the tire itself. Here are some of the most common reasons behind blowouts.

Driver Negligence

Often, the blowout will occur simply because the driver didn’t properly inflate their truck’s tires or they failed to change a tire that’s overworn. In both of these scenarios, a blowout can stem from tread separation, which causes the tire to rapidly lose air pressure and explode.

Defective Tires

It’s also common for the problem to lie within the tire itself. Major defects can lead to bead failures, sidewall zipper failures, tread separation, and tire shredding. The likelihood of this happening increases when a truck has been driven in adverse conditions like on bumpy roads, over potholes or over broken glass. Tire defects can also lead to recalls of commercial trucks that are using bad tires. Because tire manufacturers are responsible for producing a safe, reliable product, they must heed tire recalls.


Heat is another huge factor. Driving on the road for long periods of time in high temperatures puts a strain on tires and makes them much more susceptible to blowouts. As you might imagine, summer is the time of year when tire blowouts happen most frequently. The period between mid-May and early October has even been dubbed “tire blowout season” by some.

Cargo Overload

Cargo loading errors are a huge cause of tire blowouts. That’s why each state has a maximum gross weight in pounds or kilograms that a truck can carry when driving on the Interstate System. Truckers aren’t allowed to carry any additional cargo beyond their truck’s maximum capacity. However, if they overload it, the odds of a tire blowout increase significantly.

The Wrong Tires

Other times, a tire blowout can be the result of a driver using mismatched tires or the wrong size of tires. Again, this falls in the hands of the person driving the truck, and they need to ensure that all tires are properly fitted.

Bad Brakes and Bad Braking Practices

There’s also a correlation between worn brakes and improper braking and tire blowouts. Brake failure is one part of the equation in terms of how brakes can lead to blowouts. For instance, applying the brakes too much causes the tread to quickly wear down and may cause it to explode. Needless to say, driving down steep grades where frequent braking is required can lead to issues. That’s why drivers should shift down to the lowest gear when traveling down mountains.

Potholes and Bad Weather

These are two factors that are completely out of a driver’s control. Unfortunately, less than ideal conditions are inevitable, especially if a trucker is making long hauls. However, they should recognize the negative impact that potholes and bad weather can have and check their tires regularly under these circumstances.

Common Causes of Truck Tire Explosions

A truck tire explosion can be the result of several different causes. As mentioned, these accidents often occur when the air pressure in a tire is not correct. However, many tire blowouts are not caused by just low tire pressure. The following is a list of common causes of truck tire explosions.

Inadequate Truck Maintenance

The average truck driver will travel hundreds of miles every week to pick up or make deliveries. With this amount of traveling, it is reasonable to perform routine maintenance on a truck and the truck’s tires. Unfortunately, some trucking companies may not perform adequate maintenance on their fleet of vehicles. This can result in trucks being equipped with tires that may be underinflated or tires that are severely worn down. A trucking company that does not perform maintenance on their vehicles may be held liable for the injuries of an innocent motorist whose injuries could have been avoided.

Trailer Overload

Trucking companies earn their money by transporting cargo for their customers. When a trailer is fully loaded with items to be delivered, this can make a truck maneuver slower than usual. Some unscrupulous trucking companies may push the limit of a trailer so that they could earn more profits from deliveries. When the maximum weight of a truck trailer is exceeded, this can result in a truck tire explosion due to all the added pressure on a tire.

The additional trailer weight is hazardous to passenger vehicles because it will make it easier for a truck to crush other vehicles that may only weigh a few tons. To put that into perspective, an overloaded truck trailer can reach weights well over 50,000 pounds. If a truck of this size collides with a passenger vehicle, it is very likely that a fatal injury may occur.


Nearly every person has been on the highway next to a large truck that appears to be driving well over the speed limit. This can be frightening for a motorist that is driving next to a truck because if the driver were to lose control, a serious trucking accident might occur. Unfortunately, some truck drivers will drive over the speed limit while being completely unaware that their tires may be overinflated or underinflated. Speeding and hitting debris in the road can cause a tire blowout if the tires were already extremely worn down.

There are many other causes of truck tire blowouts not listed here. For example, defective tires sold by a manufacturer often play a role in many truck tire blowout cases. Our firm is here to help you file a claim against any party responsible for your accident.

Tire Inspection Requirements

The FMCSR requires drivers to do a pre-trip and post-trip inspection before and after every trip.  But do you really know what that means?  A proper inspection requires way more than just walking around, looking, and kicking the tires. The time it takes might be the very reason that truck drivers sometimes fail to do a proper inspection.

First off, to do a proper truck tire inspection, the drive needs to have the proper tools.  The truck driver needs to have a working air gauge, a tread depth gauge, a 3/8 inch bulge gauge, a blunt probe, pliers, and chalk or a crayon to mark issues in tires. Each of these tools enables the driver to inspect things that the naked eye cannot discern on visual inspection.

What do the numbers on my tire mean?

At first glance, you look at the sidewall of your tire and think, “’Do I need a super secret decoder ring to read this?” In addition to the model name of the tire there is a series of numbers that at first, you don’t deem important. However, these numbers are extremely helpful, especially when it’s time to replace your tires. Here’s a quick breakdown to help you decipher one of the best kept secrets in the automotive world.


Example: P225/60/R16 94V

P identifies your tire as a Passenger Tire. The P stands for PMetric. If your tire size starts with LT rather than a P then it identifies the tire as a Light Truck tire.

225 identifies the tire section width, which is the measurement of the tire from sidewall to sidewall in millimeters. This measurement varies depending on the rim to which it is fitted.

(There are 25.4 millimeters per 1 inch.)

60 is the two-figure aspect ratio. This percentage compares the tire’s section height with the tire’s section width. For example, this aspect ratio of 60 means that the tire’s section height is 60% of the tire’s section width.

R indicates the construction used within the tires casing. R stands for radial construction. B means belted bias and D stands for diagonal bias construction.

16 The last dimension listed in the size is the diameter of the wheel rim, which is most often measured in inches.

That this tire is meant for Light Truck

If a tire size reads, LT235/75R15 104/101S, the LT indicates that this tire is meant for Light Truck use. These tires are made for light-duty and heavy-duty pickup trucks (typically ½ ton, ¾ ton, or 1-ton load capacity), SUVs and vans. These tires fall into one of three categories:

Numeric– designed to carry heavy cargo loads and/or tow trailers.

Wide Base – designed to carry heavy cargo loads and/or tow trailers on a wheel rim with a diameter of 16.5 inches.

Flotation – wider, oversized tires designed to carry heavy cargo loads and/or tow trailers on loose surfaces such as sand, gravel, or dirt.

Tires beginning with a ST (for example ST175/80R13) indicate a Special Trailer tire and should only be used on car, boat or utility trailers.

Learn About The Latest Bathroom Remodeling Trends

Small Bathroom Ideas to Make Your Bathroom Feel Bigger

Looking for small bathroom ideas that will make the whole space seem bigger? So is most of Manhattan. The lack of square footage, limited natural light, and number of fixtures to squeeze in make a small bathroom one of the more challenging spaces to decorate. But done right, the whole room can seem brighter and more spacious. And no, you won’t have to spend a zillion dollars to carve a window into the wall (or call on something retro, like glass bricks).

These small bathroom ideas go beyond making the most of the available space and prove that bold design elements can be right at home in even the tiniest rooms. Here are the best ways to turn powder rooms, half-baths, and just little tiny (sometimes windowless) bathrooms into less cramped, more enjoyable situations. Your small bath may just be your next favorite room.

Keep Your Colors Light and Bright

A wood floor and vanity give this city bathroom a warm and serene feeling. A soft mint-green hue reflects natural light from the window. The space surrounding the freestanding tub makes the room feel more open, as does the lightweight curtain fabric, which allows maximum light to enter.

Or Double Down on Dark Color

Wait, what? “Oftentimes I like to paint small bathrooms [typically windowless rooms] a dark color, like black. It gives depth and creates an illusion of a larger space,” The hue will simultaneously impart a big-night-sky effect and also bounce the little light you have around the space. (Doing so will also draw attention to the light fixtures, she points out, so you’ll need to choose them thoughtfully—bulbs that bring in plenty of light, shapes you don’t mind being pretty pronounced.)

Mirror a Wall

Rather than just hanging one above the vanity, consider mirroring a whole wall of your tiny bathroom. The reflection of light and pattern (and, sometimes, that open door) will do the same good work a window does.

Your Ultimate Guide on Bathroom Remodel Costs

Your bathroom is perhaps the most frequently used room in your home, hence more than likely to require being remodeled first. Remodeling your bathroom has many benefits; a fresh look, improved functionality, and so on. But you also need to look at multiple angles of bathroom remodel costs before you go ahead with the process.

Average Bathroom Remodel Costs

a bathroom remodel costs anywhere between $10,000 to $25,000. However, it’s not as simple as it looks. To understand bathroom remodel costs, you also have to understand different aspects that go into it. For instance, the size of the bathroom, the scope of the remodel, etc. Let’s look at some of the factors that affect your bathroom remodel costs.

Size of the Bathroom

There are three types of bathrooms: the master bathroom, full bathroom, and a half bath or a powder room. The cost of your bathroom remodel will depend on the type of bathroom you are remodeling. For instance, a master bathroom remodel will cost you upwards of $20,000, while a full bath remodel will cost around $15,000, and a powder room remodel will cost you $5,000. While the size of the bathroom plays a big role, so does the scope.

Scope of the Bathroom Remodel

You don’t always have to gut your bathroom to its bare bones, you might also be looking for minor updates and this affects the bathroom remodel costs. For instance, a partial master bathroom remodel costs from $10,000 to $15,000, and a full-scale remodel can go anywhere between $15,000 and $30,000 based on the fixtures and items that you choose.

Fixtures and Hardware Costs

Your bathroom has various fixtures from bathtubs to sinks and vanities. All of these fixtures contribute significantly to your overall bathroom remodel costs. While their cost might vary from location to location, you can still get an idea of their average costs.

Bathroom planning advice

ways to save water in style in your bathroom

When it comes to redesigning your bathroom, taking water efficiency into account has more or less become a necessity. We should all be trying to conserve water, as it takes energy to process and deliver clean water to our homes – not to mention heat it for a shower or bath

Happily, the latest key pieces for bathrooms are often created with water efficiency at the heart of their design. From aerated showers and taps to dual-flush toilets, these water-saving wonders will allow you to create an eco-friendly bathroom, without having to sacrifice your self-care rituals.

Turn off the taps properly

You really don’t need to leave the water running when brushing teeth or shaving, so turn them off! you can save water without compromising on design, with its sleek and chic style.

Check for leaks regularly

Do you have a dripping tap, leaky cistern or pouring overflow? Wasted water can cost you a huge amount a year so it really is worth attending to those niggly jobs promptly. Little leaks can quickly turn into bigger floods, causing damage to surrounding cupboards, floors and ceilings.

Reduce the amount of time you spend in the shower

SmarTap can also be used with your bath, allowing you to regulate the temperature automatically, filling your bath to a pre-determined level. So if you have a shower-hog in your household, a SmarTap is just the ticket!

A Complete Guide to Bathroom Renovation

Renovating a bathroom can be an overwhelming task. Chances are that you’ll know what I’m talking about if you’ve even undertaken a project like this before. Planning the layout, buying the necessary fixtures and fittings, deciding on a budget and finding a competent contractor…it’s all hard work, right?

Well, not anymore! The secret to a successful renovation project is all about smart timing and careful planning. Below you’ll find a complete guide to bathroom renovation that is primarily based around both of these principles.

Six Months Out

Look for Inspiration.

Six months before the project is due to start, you should already be looking for sources of inspiration for your new bathroom. Root through magazines and catalogues and tear out any pages that catch your eye. Utilize the Internet to research various different bathroom styles and designs.

Ask around for recommendations.

While it’s not necessary to actually hire a contractor at this stage, it’s definitely a good time to start asking around for recommendations from family, friends, neighbors and hardware stores. This will save you a lot of time and effort closer to the start date as you’ll already be equipped with a list of possible contractors.

Three Months Out

Finalize your budget.

Once you have a rough estimate of the money you have to spend, it’s only then that you get a clearer sense of what the possibilities for the project are. Always deduct the cost of labor before you go allocating money for a new toilet or shower door.

Purchase some fixtures and fittings.

While some orders can be fulfilled within a few days, it’s always a good idea to play it safe and order your fixtures and fittings in plenty of time. You want to be sure that you have everything on time so that the project can run on schedule.

One Month Out

Prep for the arrival of the contractor.

It’s now time to clear out all the medicine cabinets and the bathroom closets so they’re free of your personal belongings. You should also go shopping for the paint and the accessories that you’ll need to complete the look of your new bathroom.

During the Renovation

Keep up to date on the progress that’s being made.

Inspecting the contractors work while it’s ongoing will ensure that the job is being completed to your specifications. If you do see anything amiss, don’t let it go unnoticed and inform the contractor straight away so that it can be rectified.

Planning a bathroom – everything you need to know about designing your perfect washroom

It was once an afterthought – often contained to a shed in the garden. But now, after the kitchen, the bathroom is probably the most important room in the house in terms of resale value. As we seek to make the most of precious downtime, its status has been raised. No longer driven by purely practical needs, many of us are renovating our bathrooms with relaxation and pampering in mind.

As well as simple renovations, we’re also planning more extra bathrooms and en-suites. Whatever your reason, installing a new bathroom is a serious undertaking and can be deceptively tricky. It requires quite an array of fittings and technical skill, often in a very compact space. For this reason, carefully planning from the start will prevent costly mistakes and changes down the line.

Assess your bathroom needs

Begin by working out your key priorities. A family bathroom or spa-style sanctuary will require a long list of specifications and fittings that could include a bath, separate shower, double basins, and heaps of storage, while an en-suite or guest bathroom may just require a shower and loo.

Plan a bathroom layout

Don’t change a layout just for the sake of it. If it works well for you, keep it. It’s a much cheaper option, too, as moving waste and water pipes can be expensive. Replacing fittings, flooring and tiles or repainting walls is a quick way to get a refresh. If your layout isn’t quite right, think about the ways you might be able to make small but effective changes. Rehanging doors or fitting sliding ones is an excellent way to gain space, for instance.

Seek out inspiration

Choose your style early on as this will help narrow down the choice of fittings to consider. Your main options are period style, classic or a contemporary look. Hotels, particularly small boutique ones, are a fabulous source of design inspiration, so scour their websites for looks you love. Quite often they’ll feature a lot packed into a compact space, so you’ll probably pick out a few layout tips, too.

Drain And Camera Sewer Inspection


Sewer camera inspection offers you an inside view of damaged sewer pipes without the need for expensive and messy excavation. Not only does your plumber get a more accurate and precise picture of what your sewer problem is, as the homeowner, you also can have a closer look at the problem. But, sewer camera inspections can’t necessarily identify every potential issue with your pipes. Here look at how a sewer camera inspection works and what it can and can’t do.


Sewer camera inspections use a tiny camera mounted on the end of a cable, that can be inserted into your sewer pipes and travel through them underground capturing images of your sewer’s interior. The plumber can observe this process through a monitor based at the ground level and can see what the camera see’s and identify potential problems in your sewer pipes.


The Location of Your Sewer Lines – By using attached location devices, sewer cameras can send out signals to the recipient above ground that will help your plumber identify the exact location of sewer lines.

Slow Drainage and Blockages – While the main water supply is under pressure, sewage leaves your home by the power of gravity. When dirt, hair, grease, or a clog blocks your sewer line, your sewer can drain too slowly, or may start to back up. A sewer camera can be used to identify the cause of the blockage; whether it’s a clog, tree root, or a collapsed pipe, it can help you find the right solution.

System Type and Materials – It’s a simple thing, but because sewer pipes are underground you can’t tell what type of system you have. A sewer camera inspection can tell you if you have PVC or cast-iron pipes, and this can help project potential sewer issues.

Structure and Connections – A sewer camera inspection allows your plumber to see fittings, tee’s, and other types of connections. This can help plumbers understand where water flows and which directions it travels in.


The main things that sewer camera inspections can’t identify are the location of a leak.

The reasons for this include –

A leak is caused when water escapes out of a pipe. Because a sewer camera is inside the pipe, it can’t identify leaks.

When a pipe is leaking, there may be many other factors at play – tree root invasion, pipe collapse, clogs and blockages, and dirt and debris build-up. Meanwhile, your plumber is at surface level trying to decipher and understand what they are seeing on the monitor. This can make a subtle leak hard to pinpoint.

PVC and cast-iron pipes used for sewage are very thick, so it can be hard to tell if cracks or holes go through the full thickness of the pipes and are leaks.

A sewer camera inspection is a highly effective and non-invasive way to get an inside look at your underground sewer pipes, but it’s essential to remember camera inspections can’t locate leaks. To ensure success with your sewer repairs be sure to choose an experienced and licensed plumber and get a professional perspective on the best inspection method for your pipes.

Benefits of Sewer Inspection Cameras

Fear of the unknown is daunting, but lying awake at night wondering about the condition of your plumbing pipes or what’s clogging your drain shouldn’t be your reality.

There is a sure way to know what’s going on inside your home plumbing. Sewer inspection cameras are exactly what they sound like and can detect anything from leaks to clogs.

The pictures won’t be pretty, but the camera attached to the end of a flexible rod used by professionals will find plumbing problems before they turn into disasters. You might not think there’s an issue or be able to see one, but that’s exactly the point! Here are more reasons a sewer line inspection could be beneficial for you

Locate a leak or water break

There are telltale signs of water leaks, and then there are hidden clues there’s something not quite right with your plumbing. While the not-so-subtle signs might be enough to discover where water is escaping your pipes, sewer inspection cameras can help determine the exact location. If left untreated, plumbing leaks can be costly and result in long-term damage to your home. If you notice the slightest change in water pressure or your water bill, get things checked out. Preventative measures won’t always keep emergencies at bay.

Eliminate unnecessary digging and guessing

The thought of digging a small hole in your lawn wasn’t so bad until it turned into a 3-foot trench, and you and your plumber are still trying to find the leak or obstruction in your plumbing. Sewer inspection cameras are much less intrusive while eliminating the higher cost and excessive digging in your yard while guessing the wrong spots. You’ll also save some time explaining to the neighbors why your property has become a mess and an eyesore.

Video Pipeline Inspection

Gone are the days when digging for leak points in your home’s pipeline was a matter of educated guesswork. Today, it just takes a phone call to request a video pipeline inspection or CCTC pipeline inspection. The only thing you must ensure is that the company you call has enough experience and good enough equipment to do a thorough job

The self-righting and auto-focusing cameras attached to drain inspection lines can detect the problems in just a single trip. equipment is fitted with powerful lights and has high-resolution recording capabilities. Most importantly, make use of cameras that have transmitters in them which let locate the exact block points.

Most people think of video sewer inspection only when they have clogged drains which cannot be fixed by drain auger, drain cleaner or a plunger. What they do not realize is that there is a need for inspection even when renovating/adding a bathroom or kitchen to the house. You must get an idea of whether your sewer line can actually handle the increased amount of waste when you make the modifications to your home.


If you’ve ever had sewer line blockage before, you know how expensive, disruptive, and downright nasty it can be. The truth is, most homeowners never give their sewer lines a second thought until there’s a problem. Out of sight, out of mind.

But all kinds of things may be going on underground that you can’t see: grease buildup, clogging from paper products, root intrusion, cracking or shifting due to oversaturated soil, and deterioration from age. If your water is draining more slowly than usual, you hear gurgling noises coming from your toilet, or a sinkhole appears in your yard, you may have a sewer backup.

Addressing the issue with the least disruption

Until recently, sewer line repair may have entailed digging up large amounts of lawn just to find the area of blockage. In other words, it was anyone’s best guess. Today can perform a video inspection that will pinpoint the exact location of the problem.

Here’s how it works. A small, waterproof high-resolution video camera is sent into your sewer lines via a long, flexible scope. The camera’s journey often begins with the branch lines (leading from the tubs and faucets) and extends through the larger pipe that leads to the municipal line on the edge of your property. The image is electronically sent to a laptop so that both the technician and homeowner can view the extent of damage remotely.

The camera is also equipped with a transmitter that sends a signal to a locating device, allowing the technician to determine the exact blockage point and depth from above ground. The spot is then marked, indicating where the sewer trench will be dug. This accuracy dispenses with the guesswork and spares unnecessary damage to your lawn, saving you money and headaches in the long run.

Sewer Inspections – Signs to Look For

Last winter I was inspecting a vacant home. As I came to a bathroom I did all the normal things, turned on the shower, the sink and flushed the toilet at the same time. All looked fine. Then I went to the next bathroom which was in the basement and did the same thing. Then on to the kitchen. Later in the inspection while I was walking past the basement bathroom I noticed some dirt in the shower pan. It was odd because I didn’t see dirt there when I first inspected it

Where could that dirt have come from? As I investigated further I noticed water coming out from under the toilet and onto the floor. Down the hall I found a pool forming on the furnace room floor. The normal course of my work had lead to the discovery of a problem my client would want to know about. One that obviously needed fixing.

But what’s the right way to fix the problem? Does the drain line simply need roto-rooting? Maybe. The three main causes of plugged sewer lines are roots, grease, and structural problems. Roots and grease can be removed fairly inexpensively ($100-$200), however if there are structural problems with the drain, the piping will need to be repaired or replaced. This typically costs between $2500 and $14,000.

Sometimes there may not be obvious symptoms such as the ones I mentioned above. The owner may regularly have the drain roto-rooted and think that it is perfectly normal and not mention it in a disclosure. For buyer protection the best course of action is to have a drain line inspected with a video-scope under certain circumstances. A video-scope allows inspection of the drain piping from the house out to the city sewer

It is done by feeding a fiber optic cable into the drain. A video tape can be produced at the same time so the buyer does not have to be present to “see for themselves” or to show to whomever buys the house next the conditions that existed at the time of the inspection

Maintaining Flat Roof

Will a flat roof always leak?

Flat roofs are known as being problematic, with many suffering leaks. However in my own experience the problems with leaking flat roofs are usually as a result of either poor workmanship installing the roof membrane, poor maintenance by the building owner or as a result of age. A well designed and waterproofed flat roof should not cause problems or leak.

Is a flat roof actually flat? No. For clarity, flat roofs actually have a slight slope to allow rain water to drain off the roof, but they seem flat, when compared with more traditional steeply sloped roofs. The slope should be a minimum of 1 in 80, but in practice a minimum slope of 1 to 40 should be used to allow for deflection of the roof and for normal building tolerances.

Why are flat roofs popular? Flat roofs are economical to construct. They reduce the volume of the building thus reducing energy costs and allow, if required, for the roof to be used for other activities like a patio, positioning of services or simply as a green roof.

How long do waterproofing membranes last? The membranes used to cover and waterproof flat roofs usually only last 20 to 30 years. This is less than a well constructed tiled roof. As a result building owners need to plan for replacing the membrane on their flat roofs.

What maintenance is required? Regular maintenance of flat roofs is still required, as they are less forgiving than steeply sloped roofs. The most common problems are that rainwater outlets become blocked with leaves and other windblown debris. Installing leaf guards only slows this occurring as in my experience at this time of year, autumn, even these can become overpowered by the shear quantity of leaves being blown around by the wind.

Why do all flat roofs leak?

Like any roof, in time, after wear and tear and weathering, flat roofs will eventually leak. No roof will last forever and if you have a roof over your head it will most likely leak someday. This is perhaps all the more true of flat roofs, because water doesn’t run off of the roof surface quickly and can easily find breaks in the roofing surface resulting in leaks. Flat roofs are a common feature in many commercial or industrial buildings and often require more work than any other standard types of roofs. Though flat roofs are simple to build, it requires a lot of maintenance and inspection so that everything is functioning as it should.

If you own a commercial property with a flat roof, it can be daunting task to diagnose and resolve a problem if you suspect leakage. Leaks don’t always mean that your entire roof needs to be replaced. The most common and most challenging part of dealing with flat roof issues is figuring out whether you need to get it replaced or if it just needs a few minor repairs. If you notice a leak in your commercial flat roof, call Royal Roofing Ltd. for a complete roof inspection. We will diagnose leaks and repair your roof as necessary.

Common Problems that Can Cause Leaks in Flat Roofs

Flat commercial roofs are more complex than they might seem. There are several common causes for flat roof leaks, and each of them can occur in various situations:

  • Standing water on the roofing surface
  • Roof is located in a harsh environment
  • Utilizing outdated roofing technology

A list of common problems that occur in flat roofs and how to deal with the issues below:

Ponding Water

Standing or “ponding” water is one of the most common issues faced by flat roofs. It is characterized as any water that remains on the roof for longer than 48 hours following precipitation. The longer the water remains on your roof, the greater the chances are that it will lead to damaging leaks. The roof should be designed with a slight slope so that water can easily find its way to the drain points. Sometimes we find that even flat roofs that were carefully designed in this way can eventually be faced with ponding as they age.

It is important that you regularly monitor your roof for any signs of standing water. Gutters, downspouts, wall scuppers and drains will lead to ponding if not functioning properly. Ponding is more likely to occur around large rooftop units because the weight of these structures will prevent the structure of the underlying roofing supports from working as designed, leading to ponding.

Be aware that, even if ponding doesn’t lead to leaks, it still represents a significant roofing problem. The reason for this is, as time goes by,the enormous weight of standing water will gradually make the problem worse. Roof leveling can resolve minor drainage issues, but more serious issues of ponding require changes to the underlying roof structure itself.

Leaks and Moisture

Another common problem with flat roofs is leaks. But since it’s a flat roof, the water doesn’t have anywhere to go but straight down. This means that the moisture can seep into the roof that may cause mold and fungus, or damage to the structure. The best way to overcome this issue is to get your roof inspected regularly so that it can be maintained every time there is an issue.

Damaged Roofing Membranes

Until several years ago, flat roofs were made of multiple layers of asphalt tar, roofing felt and gravel. This was an effective approach, but is time-consuming to install. So, nowadays, roofing membranes are the more popular choice of the business owners. These membranes are made of a very thin single-ply membrane, generally made of durable rubber. In comparison to built-up roofing these membranes are less expensive and easier to install.

But, like any other roofing system, these membranes are prone to damage as time goes by. Cracks, blisters, and splits are some common problems. These cracks and splits allow water to accumulate beneath the membrane and once the insulation becomes waterlogged, it will lead to difficult to identify causes of leaks. For this reason, you should get your roofing membrane inspected regularly for signs of damage.

Cracks in the Roof

Flat roofs tend to have more pressure exerted in comparison to sloped/slanted roofs. When this pressure becomes excessive, it can lead your roof to crack. As soon you see any crack in the roof, call a commercial roofing contractor immediately. Not only will a crack will expose the roof structure – or potentially even the interior of building – to precipitation, but it is also a sign that your roof is structurally compromised and it’s the right time to get it repaired or replaced.


Like most other materials, asphalt flat roofs expand and contract with changing weather. With time, this continued process of expansion and contraction will cause the flashing to pull away from the corners and edges of your roof. The flashing faults will lead to leaks, and moisture can easily get trapped inside the roof. The best way to avoid this is to get your flat roof inspected regularly and repaired as necessary, because if the leaks become significant you will have no other choice except to get a new roof.


Blistering happens when air or moisture pockets get trapped between the layers of the roof membrane or between the membrane and the roof deck.

The pockets expand and stretch the membrane as the sun heats the roof. Unless the blisters show signs of more serious damage, they’re sometimes best left alone. If they’re in an area that is getting foot traffic, the membrane has cracked, the surface is coming off, or the blister is near a seam then they’ll need to be dealt with.

In order to repair a blister in a roof, you’ll need new membrane material that will extend at least six inches around the edges of the blister after it’s been cut out.


Alligatoring is a surefire sign that your roof is aging. The asphalt for your roof has started to age and lose it’s elasticity since the sun’s UV rays have dried the roof material causing it to crack and bubble, resembling alligator skin.

In order to fix a roof that is alligatoring, you’ll need to clean it of particles and dust, then add a compatible primer and lastly, it’ll need a new coating on the roof.

Buckling In The Membrane

The membrane in a flat roof is always one solid piece. As your building shifts and settles, it can cause your roof membrane to buckle and damage the structure. Buckling repair is always best left to a roofing professional.

What are the areas that are common to cause flat roof leaks?

Objects on Flat Roofs: Skylights, chimneys, A/C units, vent pipes, pitch pockets, and other objects contribute to one of the main causes of flat roof leaks. When a skylight seal is broken on the glass, the leak will show in a flat roof itself. When the mortar on the chimney or the chimney crown is cracked, you will find the leak to appear on the flat roof. When an air conditioner unit’s pan is rusted through, it will show a leak on a flat roof.

Where can I expect to find a leak on a flat roof?

Transitions to a pitched roof: Many times an adjacent pitch roof, like an asphalt shingle roof or a cedar roof, will be the reason for a leak on a flat roof. When a shingle roof starts leaking, the water will flow to the bottom of the roof to where the rubber roof is connected, and flow under the rubber membrane causing a leak on the flat roof.

Does materials play a part in Flat Roof Leaks?

Inferior Roofing Materials: EPDM Rubber is the worst roofing material to use for flat roofs. EPDM Rubber Roofs don’t last 10 years without major issues. The adhesives that bond the seams together fail due to extreme heat.

Bathroom Ceiling Light

Painting Ceilings to Change Their Height

Did you know that just by painting ceilings creatively, you can visually change their perceived height? The following tips will show you how to make your ceiling appear higher or lower than it really is (with a strategic use of color), and improve the look and feel of any room.

When painting ceilings for a higher effect, the goal is to create an illusion of uninterrupted vertical flow between the ceiling and walls without sharp horizontal lines or contrasts, and eliminate anything that draws attention to the low ceiling.

Avoid big contrasts between the wall and ceiling paint colors. If your walls are painted a rich or deep color, a pure white ceiling will seem even lower because of the sharp horizontal line that the two colors will create where they meet

Paint the crown moldings (if you have them) the same color as the walls. If there is a high contrast between the wall and ceiling color (e.g. you ignored the advice above), this will help make the walls look a little taller and push the ceiling up a bit.

Painting ceilings a light cool color (for example, a pale blue wash or a subtle aqua tint) will make them seem more distant, and create a feeling of more space overhead in the room.


Sometimes, I sit down to write posts about paint tips which I’ve learned during my experiences with the design process, and then I’ll delete the draft after thinking to myself “everyone must already  knows this.”

But even as adults, we can sometimes be a little shocked by the new things we learn. Like just the other week when I found out that it’s not actually illegal to have the interior light on in your car while driving, which was something my parents told me was illegal as a child. What else did they lie to me about? Santa?

However, this draft is worth publishing because I recently used this paint trick and it worked. It’s very simple and I encourage everyone (whether you have a small space or a large space) to do this to create the feeling of a larger room.

This will draw the eye up, which creates the illusion of a larger room and higher ceilings. Bonus if you’re able to install some trim and crown molding, as I’ve found this can also make the ceilings look higher.

How do I know this paint trick works? Because people fall for it. It’s almost guaranteed that every time I share a full photo of our bedroom that someone will say “the room looks so much bigger!!” or ask “what the hell?!?! is the ceiling higher???

things to keep in mind before getting a false ceiling done

While you are designing your new house or remodeling your old one, there are a few things that you would have in mind like a modular kitchen or a splendid ceiling. While getting a false ceiling might sound easy, there are few things one needs to keep in mind before deciding if you really want one or not. Below are a few things one has to consider before getting a false ceiling done.

Easy installation

Having all around the house could put you off from getting a ceiling done. So try getting the ceiling done before you move into the new house. If you are remodeling your home and want to add a false ceiling to your existing decor, hire professionals who promise to finish the task in a day or two.

Size and design

If you want to build a false ceiling in your living room, check if you want to cover the entire surface or just near the light fittings. Because false ceilings are cited to cost a bit more plan your budget accordingly. As far as designs are concerned, squares and rectangles are most popular however there are several options available in the market that could add a touch of modern Moroccan or traditional Arabic styles to your home.


All false ceilings do need to be whitewashed.  You could be a bit more experimental and use different colors. While shades of white and cream usually give a clean and crisp look, earthy shades like brown and orange make the ceiling look more heavy thus making for a rich cozy environment.


It is not really ease to fix or install fixtures in a suspended ceiling. However you could get a professional to cut out a small portion of the ceiling and it can be mended later. But it is ideal to plan everything well in advance so you do not have to touch the final product.

Ridiculously Clever Ways To Decorate Your Ceiling

Drape a tapestry over your bed to turn the fifth wall into a focal point.

Feel like a princess — minus the evil witch who has a vendetta against your ‘rents and weird patriarchal shit — with a mosquito net canopy.

Or transform a flat sheet that *speaks* to you into a DIY canopy.

Straight up paint it the same color as your walls for some ~drama~.

Or highlight some intricate trim — or fake it with some painter’s tape — with a fresh paint job.

Hide weird stains and liven up your digs with some removable wallpaper.

Or go a lazier route and stick on some polka-dot decals for a still-cool-AF effect without having to line up everything perfectly.

Pin up scarves to hide an unsightly ceiling finish. (Popcorn ceilings, amirite?!)

Stick on some ~classic~ glow-in-the-dark stars.

Or alternatively, opt for some dome 3D stars because the future is now, sheeple.


When tackling interior painting projects, it can help to think of the ceiling as the fifth wall. A fresh coat of white – or even a favorite color – can do wonders for a room. Depending on what hue you choose the ceiling can make a space feel cozier or grand and expansive. A colored or patterned ceiling can add visual interest. And a newly painted ceiling just looks fresher because after ten years or so, ceiling paint gets just as faded and stained as wall paint.

If you’re thinking about painting a ceiling yourself, know that it’s a doable project. You’ll get great results if you use the tips we’ve outlined below.

Neatness counts, but this isn’t the time to see how neat you can be. Prep the room by covering all furniture and the floor with canvas or plastic tarp. If you don’t want to have to work around furniture, take the time to remove it from the space you’ll be painting. The hour you spend schlepping furniture may mean you can finish your painting project more quickly since you’re not trying to contort yourself around tables and armchairs.

Have your materials ready. Lay out everything you need. While good ventilation is a must and probably means leaving the door open, treat your project like a lock-in. Make sure you have your tools at hand so you don’t actually have to leave the room until it’s break time.

Make it a point to protect yourself from paint. While paint in your hair won’t be the end of the world, a simple ball cap will keep you from having to do heavy duty shampooing later. And goggles are a good idea because paint in your eyes – a very real possibility when you’re painting a ceiling – can be harmful.

Cut in first. After taping off the wall, work around the perimeter of the room, painting the first four inches of ceiling using a paint brush. Feather the edges of your line so you don’t end up with a noticeable edge between where you used the brush and where you’ll use a roller.

Once you’ve finished cutting in, you’re ready to roll. Use a fresh, brand-name roller with a 1/2″ nap every time. It’s slightly more expensive but worth it. Start rolling in one corner and then move the roller in random directions to avoid visible lines. Try also to avoid rolling over sections that have started to dry because the drying paint will be sticky and stick back to the roller.

To get a professional looking finish, apply at least two coats. The caveat is that you need to wait until the first coat is completely dry before starting the next coat to get smooth, even coverage.

Finally, consider hiring a Massachusetts interior painting professional. Painting a ceiling can be much more disruptive than painting interior walls because of the potential for mess. You may also need more specialized equipment just to reach the ceiling. If you’re excited to paint then give it a go. But if the whole thing sounds like a hassle, paying a pro can take a lot of stress off your shoulders.

Advantages And Applications Of Epoxy Flooring In An Industrial Set Up

Care and Maintenance of Epoxy Flooring Systems and Coatings

Daily Maintenance of Seamless Floorings and Floor Coatings

  • Sweep the floors daily.
  • If abrasive particles  are present they should be removed by mopping with common household detergents and rinsed completely.  Be sure not to use the detergent at a concentration higher than that recommended by the manufacturer of the floor cleaning material.  Be sure to test any cleaner that you haven’t used before on a sample of the Seamless Flooring Material or Seamless Floor coating.  You may want to be sure to prepare these samples as you are installing the floor so they will be available to you at a later time.
  • Promptly remove grease, and other contaminants from the surface of the floor.
  • Be sure to rinse off all chemical solutions that may attack the surface.

How Do I Wax a Concrete Floor?

Concrete floors are a top choice for many homeowners instead of other expensive flooring alternatives, especially in homes already built on concrete slabs. You can acid-stain concrete, add a colorant to the mix during pouring, or paint over its surface and add a sealer to protect the concrete. But regardless of its sealant, to protect your concrete floor from stains and abrasions from normal foot traffic, add wax as a sacrificial surface coating for high-traffic areas.

Step 1

Apply a concrete sealant to the floor before waxing it. Let it dry thoroughly, at least 12 hours before applying the wax coat, although an acrylic sealant should be dry to the touch after 30 to 60 minutes.

Step 2

Precondition the microfiber floor mop before applying wax to the floor. Add wax to a spray bottle and spray it directly onto the mop head to moisten it. A microfiber mop does not leave behind lint or cloth debris in the wax. It applies the wax in an almost glass-like state, offering the best results.

Step 3

Work in a pattern across the floor by starting in one corner and working your way to the door or room’s exit. Smooth the wax onto the floor using the microfiber mop in a nondirectional way, such as swooping it in loops or figure 8s. Avoid applying it in repeated rows, as doing so could lead to buildup of mop lines on the concrete’s surface.

Step 4

Let the wax product dry thoroughly before applying additional coats, which is dependent on humidity, air temperature and product recommendations, generally 1 to 2 hours. Apply more than one coat for high-traffic areas. For example, industrial or commercial use generally requires six coats of wax for added protection.

Step 5

Buff the floor with a floor buffer or polishing machine if you used a buff-in wax that requires buffing to burnish it. Matte buff-in products don’t provide as high a sheen on the floor, but it works the wax more into the floor, providing better protection.

How to Wax a Stained Cement Floor

Whether your cement floor is stained to resemble marble, Tuscan architecture or just a solid color, proper maintenance is key to enhancing the floor’s durability. Cement floors are usually topped with a sealer to extend the life of the stain and help waterproof the floor. These sealers can scratch or stain, and replacing the sealer is a tedious and often expensive process. A wax layer on top of the sealer adds shine and helps protect the sealer from everyday traffic damage.

  • Allow the layer of sealant on the cement floor to dry completely. This usually takes at least 24 hours from the time it’s applied.
  • Remove any furniture from the room. Clean the floor thoroughly with a vacuum and damp mop. Let the floor dry.
  • Add painter’s tape the to the edge of baseshoe molding or baseboards to protect them from any wax that might touch them as you mop.
  • Pour the wax into a spray bottle. Cement floor wax comes in several types, so look for a liquid designed for residential use. Most residential-grade floor waxes don’t require buffing and dry with a shiny finish after being applied with a mop.
  • Spray the bottom of the microfiber mop with the wax in the spray bottle to condition the mop. Lay an even line of spray along the bottom, making two to three passes with the spray bottle. The mop should be damp, but not wet.
  • Start in the far corner of the room, away from the entrance door. Spray the wax on the floor in an even layer, in a narrow swath about 6 feet long.
  • Wipe the wax with a microfiber mop. The lint-free quality of a microfiber mop is important in creating an even shine on the floor. Wipe in a large, circular motion, moving back and forth along the sprayed area.
  • Spray the next area of the floor, then wipe the wax with the mop. Make sure to wipe away any drops that sprayed onto the area you’ve already mopped. Continue spraying and mopping the floor in sections until the entire floor is covered with wax. Let the wax dry overnight before replacing the furniture in the room.

How to Clean Mahogany Wood Floors

Mahogany is a term used to describe a variety of different dark-colored woods. It is reddish brown, has a straight grain, no grooves or pockets and it is durable. These traits make it a popular choice for flooring. When cared for properly, mahogany floors can last a long time. Proper care of mahogany floors is fairly straightforward; they need to be cleaned and polished regularly with a gentle cleanser. The ingredients you need to clean mahogany floors can usually be found in your cupboards.

  • Remove all dirt, dust and debris from your mahogany floor. Sweep thoroughly before wet cleaning. If necessary use a vacuum with a soft brush attachment to remove dirt, dust and debris from beneath furniture and other hard-to-reach places. Use a dust mop daily to remove fine particles and prevent them from dulling the finish on your floor.
  • Mix 1 qt. of warm water and 1 qt. of undiluted vinegar in a mop bucket. Submerge your mop in the solution and swish it around to mix the two ingredients. Wring your mop out, so it is moist but not saturated.
  • Mop your mahogany wood floor in small sections. Submerge and wring out your mop as needed. Wipe excess moisture from each section with a soft cloth.
  • Moisten a soft cloth with olive oil. Polish your mahogany floor in a circular motion with the cloth. Allow the olive oil to set for about 30 minutes, then wipe up the excess olive oil and dry the floor to a shine with a dry, lint-free cloth.

Weekly Maintenance of Seamless Flooring and Floor Coatings

Smooth Systems

All seamless flooring and floor coatings should be mopped on a regular bases with a neutral soap or detergent, and completely rinsed. Be sure not to use the detergent at a concentration higher than that recommended by the manufacturer of the floor cleaning material.

Be sure to test any cleaner that you haven’t used before on a sample of the Seamless Flooring Material or Seamless Floor coating.

Mop should be rinsed often. Synthetic mops tend to work better on textured surfaces than cotton mops. The water should be changed frequently as well. Smooth floors are easily cleaned this way. It may be necessary to give extra care to areas that are subject to heavy traffic, hard rubber wheels, and steel wheels that leave marks. In these situations you can use the methods used for textured floors for these more difficult to remove contamination.

Textured Systems

Textured systems may require the use of a stiff bristled brush or floor scrubber to reach to bottom of the anti-skid texture.  Severe problem areas can be treated as follows:

Grease Removal

Grease is typically removed by Tri-sodium phosphate (TSP) or other commonly available biodegradable cleaner. Contact Epoxy.com Technical Support Department with your specific questions.

Removing Dairy Products

Dairy products should be removed immediately as they may cause staining on some types of seamless flooring and seamless floor coating systems.

Tire Marks Removal

Scrub the area(s) with a stiff bristled brush and using the same biodegradable floor cleaner that you are using to mop with.

Stubborn Dirt or Stain Removal

When you are trying to remove stubborn dirt or stains, allow the biodegradable cleaner to set in the area for a little while longer and do the work for you. Then completely rinse to area to remove the cleaner and the dirt.

Chemical Spills

You should always rinse strong chemicals as quickly as possible completely from the surface. Chemicals allowed to dry on the surface typically become more concentrated as they dry.  That may cause the chemical to get concentrated enough to stain or even attack the seamless floor or seamless floor coating.

What To Look For In New Home Builder Today

Why new construction houses need to be inspected by private home inspectors

I’ve compiled new-construction defect photos from the past six years into this one gigantic blog post. If you’re in the market for a new home and you’re not sure if a home inspection is worth doing, please look through these photos. If you’re a real estate agent who isn’t sold on the value of a home inspection on a new home, please look through these photos. If these don’t convince you, nothing will.  hese were all taken during pre-drywall inspections, new construction inspections, or one-year warranty inspections. If you own a new home and didn’t have it inspected before you bought it, consider having it inspected before your one-year warranty is up.

Builders should welcome the opportunity to have their homes inspected by private home inspectors; it’s a chance for construction errors to be addressed before they become major problems. It doesn’t matter how thorough the municipal inspector is; mistakes are still missed.

Water Management

A common design for new houses is to concentrate rain water from several roof surfaces to a small area, which greatly increases the potential for foundation and basement water problems. I marked up the images from some recent new construction inspections to help highlight where a lot of water gets concentrated.

In the last image shown above, all of the water from the upper roof surfaces dumps onto the lower roof, and from there, it dumps onto the corner of the deck right by the patio door. My company does a lot of invasive moisture testing in addition to home inspections, and without a doubt, one of the worst areas for water leakage is at the end of deck ledgerboards. I can almost guarantee that water is going to leak into this building before the year is up. Not only that, but this is also a recipe for basement water intrusion. To make things worse, the ground wasn’t properly pitched away from the building, and the soil was too close to the stone veneer siding.

I told the buyer to have gutters added, whether he had to pay for them out of his own pocket or not. The association wouldn’t allow gutters for aesthetic reasons, and less than a month after I inspected that building, four of the units in this association ended up with basement water intrusion. The association had gutters installed shortly after that.

Small Details To Make Sure You Remember When Building

Building a house is a big project made up of lots of different important details.  If you’ve ever built a home before you know how important each decision becomes – even if its a small feature or detail about the house.  We, just like you, want everything to turn out perfectly – which is why we DO sweat the small stuff.

What you’re about to read is compilation of seemingly small details that you should probably consider when planning and designing your dream home. These ideas come from other home owners that have already gone through the building process.  These are a few “wish I would have” ideas.

Master Bedroom

A switch next to the head of the bed to turn off the lights once you’re in bed.

USB outlets near night stands to charge you variety of digital gadgets

Consider sound proofing walls, especially if you have a TV in your room, so as to not wake the little ones.

Master Bathroom

Think through counter space around sinks. Make sure you have enough for a blow dryer, straightener, etc – nothing worse (or more dangerous) than having to use the sink as a storage place for electrically charged items.

Same goes for outlets – make sure you have enough.

Think long and hard about privacy.  If you feel like it, read this post on creating the perfect bathroom sanctuary


Don’t skimp on lighting! There is nothing worse than a dark, dingy house!

Put exterior lights on a photo cell (when the sun goes down, the lights come on automatically). Consider the same for any exterior Christmas light outlets.

Think about outlets you want controlled with a switch – like the outlet where you’ll plug your Christmas tree into.

Have the low voltage company that wires your house add internet hook ups in each room and consider pre-wiring for speakers or other things you may want down the road.

Consider having floor outlets installed – especially in open areas where lamps may not be next to a wall outlet.

Install outlets about waist high in the garage.

Have the electrician install a light or two in the attic with a switch somewhere accessible

Stop and Ask These Questions When Buying New Home Construction

A new construction home — yours from the ground up, with no prior owners — sparkles with possibility. From the fresh paint to the shiny flooring, it’s a blank slate to make your own without dealing with any inherited problems or repairs… or so you hope.

“Unfortunately, I’ve become involved in numerous new house horror stories, most due to poor workmanship or builders that failed to follow up on warranty work as promised,” said

What previous homes and subdivisions have you built? Do you have references from recent buyers?

Whether you’ve found your home in its early stages or you’ve seen the finished product, you’re wise to talk to other buyers.

Even if your real estate agent or the builder provides references, you might want to poke around on your own to get a random sample of opinions. Drive through a recently built subdivision on a weekend, when homeowners might be doing chores outside.

Do you offer a warranty program? What are the specifics?

Most home builders issue a limited warranty on their work, either within the sales contract or purchase agreement, or as a separate document. The type of work determines the length of time: typically one year for labor and materials; two years for defects to systems such as heating, plumbing, and electrical; and 10 years for structural defects.

mistakes new home buyers make

They fall in love with the show home

That, of course, is the result every builder is aiming for, explains, an industry insider with more than 20 years experience (we’ve changed his name to protect his privacy). “Most people fall in love with the show home, but you have to realize that everything you see in that model home is an upgrade,” he says. “And upgrades are a major portion of a builder’s 10% to 20% profit margin.”

They trust the floor plan

“That’s not unusual,” says, a real estate lawyer with over three decades experience in new build construction. “Condo sales staff will often include balcony or terrace measurements as part of the total square footage. New home sales staff will provide square footage based on measurements of external walls. You can’t rely on their verbal assurances, on the floor models, or on the sale pitch or brochure.”

Unfortunately, many new home decisions are based solely on brochures or artist renditions. For instance, a sales brochure sold the Saxons on upgrading to French doors for the entrance to their walkout patio. “We’d originally seen the sliding doors in the show home, but a brochure highlighted the double French doors and we loved the look,” says

They quickly paid the upgrade fee, but when they moved in they were surprised to find the doors didn’t have the little window panes with wooden slats between them that they had seen in the photo. Instead there was just one huge pane of glass in each door. “The price quoted by the builder’s sales rep didn’t include window slats, just clear glass. It would cost us more to get slats,”

They don’t get their contract lawyered

Whether you’re buying a new detached home or a condo, the purchase agreement is the legally binding document that spells out what you’re getting and the conditions of the sale. It’s full of fine print and legal-speak, and if you sign without legal representation, you risk being bound to terms you don’t understand or don’t want. More importantly, says Rumack, it destroys any chance of re-negotiating the terms of the sale.

Where to Start When Building a Custom Home

Have you ever asked the question, “I want to build a custom home where do I start?” There is plenty of confusing information available on how to go about the custom home building process. To simplify your journey, here are five things to consider in this simple checklist for building a custom home. We hope you find it helpful!

What is your budget?

Figure out what you need to spend for your perfect home. According to a 2019 survey conducted by the National Association of Home Builders (NAHB), the average price of a home in The United States (the overall home price will vary by location) is $485,125.00 (NAHB, 2019). Custom homes can be built affordably or lavishly depending on what you want. Many factors, such as amenities, building materials, labor, location, lot size, layout, and, the homebuilder will determine the overall cost. If you are planning on financing, don’t forget to include loan interest rates and understand your lender’s terms

Remember, custom homes are just that, “custom” and can be as affordable or expensive as your wants and needs. You begin building your custom home with a simple layout that becomes specific as you configure it to your tastes. Depending on where you are at researching building a custom home, it may take some time to figure out your budget. Do not get in a hurry. This step is one you want to get right. Many people skip this step or don’t take the time to research exactly what they want. This will cause many surprises, headaches and, unwanted delays down the road

Pick a location

Next to setting a budget, your location is the most important decision in this process. After all, this area will be your new home. It’s where you might raise kids, become involved in the community, make memories, or maybe build yourself a forever home. Become well informed about your new custom home and its potential location. If you are close enough take a drive through the area. If the location is further away study online and plan on taking a visit

Here are some items to keep in mind to help you narrow down the best location for your new custom home. Research and decide each item in order of importance to you.

Close to family or friends

Commute time to work

Cost of living

Cost of real estate

Crime rate

Distance from the airport

Employment opportunities

Proximity to hospitals or urgent care clinics

Reviews of the city/community

Schools systems



An Office Movers Schedule

Follow This Weekly Moving Checklist for a Smooth, Stress-Free Transition

If all of your belongings could magically appear in a new home without any stress or sweat on your part, you’d move in a heartbeat. But actually, the moving process can be less of a chore if you break down the tasks — scheduling, packing, and cleaning — into weekly to-do lists.

8 weeks

The papers are signed. The plans are underway. Now, it’s time to figure out the logistics of how and when you’ll move, along with the plan for when you first step foot in your new home.

Research moving companies with the Better Business Bureau and get recommendations from friends and family who have recently moved.

Learn about your rights and responsibilities as you prepare to work with a moving company from the U.S. Department of Transportation.

Consider extra insurance coverage you may need for your move. Ask prospective moving companies what insurance is included and check your homeowners’ policy to see what it covers.

If you are moving to a new area, research banks, doctors, and schools. Gather all the proper paperwork you need to set up new accounts.

7 weeks

You’re on a research kick — keep it going. Seven weeks out from the big day, lock down the moving company that you’ll use and start tracking all relevant expenses.

Get estimates in writing from at least three licensed moving companies. If possible, have an estimator come to your home to do an inventory.

Start a binder or folder where you can keep all of your moving estimates and moving-related paperwork.

Make a list of businesses you will need to contact to change your address. Don’t forget to list your online accounts, too.

6 weeks

Put your plan to action by going around your house — closets, basements, and storage areas, especially — and deciding what makes the cut. Once everything is sorted, start packing non-essential items (think: holiday decorations and craft supplies).

Get the packing process started by assessing your closets and donating clothing that doesn’t fit or you no longer want. When the closets are done, start to assess items room by room.

Do a first round of donations of unwanted goods to charity, sell items online, or have a garage sale to help pay for your move.

If you have children, work with the current and future school to transfer school records and make plans for a smooth transition.

Begin packing items that aren’t used frequently. Seasonal items, rarely used gadgets, and items stored in the attic or basement are a good place to start.

5 weeks

Before you start throwing everything in boxes, map out a room-by-room plan. Oh, and give loved ones a head’s up that you’ll have a new address next month.

Use up food from the refrigerator, freezer, and pantry. Refrain from buying too many groceries, especially bulk orders, from here on out.

Get the word out to friends and family members that you’re moving. Send them your new address or send a moving announcement through email.

Purchase moving supplies including boxes, packing material, tape, labels, and box cutters. Remember to order specialty items like dish boxes, wardrobe boxes, and mattress bags if your mover is not supplying them.

Get a box-labeling system in place. Numbered boxes, color-coding by room, and a master list with inventory are key elements.

Make a room-by-room packing schedule and start packing!

Office Moving Tips & Guides

Careful planning is the key to a successful office move. Being family-owned and operated for over 75 years, pride ourselves on being one of the largest and most reputable office movers

provide you with colored labels to keep track of each item that is to be moved. Prepare a floor plan of your new premises indicating where you require office furniture and equipment to be located. Rooms or working areas should be numbered individually, in sequence. If your move involves more than one floor, assign a color to each floor to correspond with the colored labels provide to you. Every article being moved must be labeled with the corresponding new location.

It is necessary to tip your desk on end so that it can be moved on a dolly, suggest the following:

• Empty drawers and place contents in a carton or plastic bin.

• Breakables such as ink, liquids, etc. should be wrapped in paper before packing in cartons.

• Small items such as pins, paper clips, etc. should be placed in an envelope.

• Cartons should only be packed to the top of the box and closed to allow for stacking.

• Ensure all cartons and/or bins are correctly labeled with the corresponding new location.

Bookcases, Stationary Cabinets and Credenzas:

Contents should be packed to avoid structural damage. These items normally will not withstand the weight of the contents in transit. Remove shelf clips, place in an envelope and tape the envelope to the inside of the bookcase.

Computer Terminals:

If you have not made separate arrangements with to disconnect computers, all terminals should be disconnected by you.

• Place label on monitor, printer and hard drives.

• Keyboards, mouse and cables should be packed in keyboard bags supplied.

• We strongly suggest laptops should be taken home and returned after the move.

Should employees help with moving offices?

A question that boggles every mind that ponders a commercial move. And really, should employees help with moving offices? Especially when you already plan on hiring office movers. The only proper answer would probably be: most likely, yes. An office move is a rather complicated undertaking. Especially if your office is prodigious in size. When employees help with moving offices things are usually moving faster. Still, this may not be the case at all times. Let us see what is there to consider when this question comes up.

Are there any obvious pros and cons when employees help with moving offices?

Yes, and both are dependant on your employees. That is, what kind of people they are. Now, we believe that you choose carefully when making your office team. However, moving is a rather special kind of situation. Namely, you have to keep working well, as if nothing was going on, whilst conducting a big change. People who handle stress well will probably find this relocation not to be much of a challenge. On the other hand, people who flourish under order and a straight schedule will find it much harder to cope.

With this in mind, when you approach the idea of your employees helping with moving offices, know that the outcome can vary greatly. If your staff is up to the challenge, you will see:

well-organized bunch showing the meaning of efficiency and speed.

your business functioning without much to any hinderances, despite the adversity.

the best movers in Manhattan being pleasantly surprised by your exquisite moving preparation.

an office relocation that is being carried out in a meticulous fashion.

That said, if your staff is unbalanced in terms of dealing with stress, this relocation can wreak havoc in your usual business conducting. You will witness:

nervous breakdowns, anxiety, and general stress throughout your office. Stress is contagious, and calm people can succumb to the influence of a nervous bunch or even individual.

your business failing to handle even the simplest everyday tasks, due to the employees who cannot focus and prioritize well.

the movers you hired taking more time to handle your move, thus costing you more money.

an office relocation that makes you question your decisions.

How to recognize your potential scenario?

You will need a bit of intuition and experience. Still, you are probably already familiar with the ways your employees work under pressure. Now, if your relocation means moving a whole company, all with a big number of people, chances are you don’t know everyone’s habits and personal traits. If this is the case, it would be best that you have a word with their superiors, that are also people of your personnel. Still, moving a large office is hardly imaginable without the help of your employees, whichever way you look at it. Not everyone will get a chance to help. However, those that you trust the most with your everyday business challenges and tasks are also the people you will entrust with numerous moving chores.

Tips & Tricks for Office Renovation or Relocation

Start Planning NOW:

There is no such thing as “winging it” when it comes to moving offices. Most businesses begin to plan their relocation at least six months in advance. Some larger corporations must plan two years in advance. It’s crucial to start divvying up who will be doing what, how they’ll be doing it, and when it will be getting done. Planning does not stop after the move. It’s in everyone’s best interest to plan what to do when you are in the new office space. Consider deciding on a layout before move in, and create a map of the floor plan and make it available to both employees and movers.  

Appoint a Move Manager or Hire a Full Service Office Mover:

This is essential when moving offices. Hiring someone or appointing a moving manager will safe your company a lot of headaches and time. Even though you will be dividing up the work required for the move, it’s important to appoint a moving manager to facilitate and follow up on each step to ensure that things are progressing. If you would like to appoint someone has a move manager, an Administrative Assistant is usually the best person for the job.

Hiring Movers:

Take the time to research the best moving company for your office’s relocation needs. Depending on various factors of the move you should hire movers with the experience, resources and manpower your company needs. When it is time for the actual move, it’s a good idea to have at least two managers present during the duration of the move. One at the origin and one at the final destination. Take care not to have too many managers present during the move. This could lead to confusion and slow down the movers.

Everyone For Themselves:

Talk to your employees in the start of the move, and make sure you are keeping them update about any changes that occur in the moving plan. Set a date in which everything must be packed up and encourage them to start packing their desks little at a time to avoid having to pack everything at once. Consider giving your employees a few hours off the day before the move to get their desks in order. Assign the head of each department the responsibility of taking inventory of all items to be moved in their department.

Don’t Forget About I.T.:

One of the biggest problems in relocating is disconnecting  and reconnecting all the technology. Once the official move day has been selected, I.T. should draft a plan for transferring all of your office’s technical equipment. Do make sure you are giving I.T. enough notice about the move so they can begin planning. Typically 3-6 months in advance should do. If you’re moving existing IT equipment, make sure it’s unloaded first so the IT team can immediately get to work setting up the network, phones, etc.

What to Look For When Hiring Professional Office Movers

looking for an office mover, need to do their due diligence if they want the move to be on time and on budget. To do anything less will seriously disrupt a company’s operations and not only cost them money, it may even cost them valued customers.

An office move must go like clockwork. It is not something to be left to chance. Hiring the wrong mover can cause serious problems for the company, its employees and other stakeholders. A lot of companies out there purport to be office movers even though they don’t have the expertise.

Office moving requires extensive planning and meticulous coordination to be truly successful. When you are evaluating moving companies, here are some things to take into consideration:

A Separate Division

is that they have a separate commercial division to handle office moves both big and small. Their commercial division has specialty equipment and experienced office moving crews to handle these important moves. The people who work on office moves work in a team environment to maximize the disassembly and loading at origin in a very organized and timely manner. At the same time a separate team is stationed at destination to accept delivery and start the set-up of offices and work stations. This way they work in a coordinated fashion to reduce downtime and everyone knows time saved means money saved.

Project Manager

This individual works with the person assigned by the company moving to do a thorough assessment of every facet of the move and then to ensure all plans are executed. Working as the liaison the project manager provides guidance for the employees; sets the schedules; arranges for the packing; organizes third party services; ensures that the proper equipment is in place and generally oversees the entire project.

Accessorial Services

The best office movers offer a “one stop shop” experience. They have the factory trained installers who are capable of disassembling, reassembling or reconfiguring work stations. These installers have the necessary tools and expertise needed for a wide variety of furniture manufacturers. Having this option goes a long way toward making a move go more smoothly.

A Limo Party Bus For Your Party

What is the a party bus?

Technically speaking, a party bus is a large motor vehicle that has been modified or upgraded to hold anywhere from 10-40 people for recreational purposes. What that definition doesn’t tell you is that a party bus is basically a bigger, badder version of a limousine with plenty of space for you and your friends to move around in. Think of it as a nightclub on wheels.

You might think that, other than capacity limitations, a party bus and a limousine are essentially the same. You would be correct, but what a limousine doesn’t offer is the chance to ride around in style. People see limousines everywhere, but a party bus truly makes an impression when it’s driving around the city.

You also have the option to simply stay in your party bus all night. The extra space helps with this, as it’s not likely that you’ll want to be cooped up in a limousine all night. A party bus gives you the option to actually party on the bus without stopping!

What is a Limo Bus?

So now, “what’s the difference between a limo bus and a party bus?” The answer is simple – absolutely nothing. Limo buses have many names – party buses, party rides, limousine buses – but they’re fundamentally the same. No matter the name, these vehicles share the same characteristic: they have a bus exterior with a limousine interior.

What is a Charter Bus?

A charter bus has the same exterior as a party bus, except on the inside the seats are bucket – shuttle style seats. No fancy lights, disco floors, or dancing poles on charter buses. Before party buses hit the San Francisco Night Life scene, people would use Charter Bus Services as a means of transportation. A Charter bus and party bus are definitely day and night when you compare the interiors. Most people prefer Party Buses for special occasions, and Charter Buses are more geared towards large group transportation, or corporate events.

Do the rates for party bus rentals include alcohol?

If the customer is over 21 years of age, the stocked bar is included in the rental price. Beverages consist of Vodka, Bourbon and Champagne along with ice and basic mixers. We’re also very accommodating to special requests. It’s fairly common for customers to request specific beverages. In those cases they give us a list and we fill the order. For these special requests they pay for the extra items, not our time.

If the party is under 21 years of age or upon request we stock the bars with non-alcoholic beverages.

Reasons to Rent a Party Bus

Party buses have become the latest trend in luxury transportation. They are edgily stylish and very affordable. They are not only ideal for youngsters and students going to prom but also suitable for formal parties and wedding transportation.

Shared Travel is cheaper

When attending a big occasion with colleagues, party buses are economical because the expense is shared. Once you make the calculations, you will notice that you will spend far less than what you’ll all pay when you take different cars to the occasion.

It’s a delight for those who cannot drive

Sometimes you can be faced with situations making it impossible for you to drive. Maybe you are very young and don’t have a valid driving license, or you just want to party and enjoy the ride. By renting our party buses, you will benefit from the luxury of being driven around without worrying. Moreover, party buses work well for parents who want their kids to take a decent and safe ride to a

college party or prom.

The party will travel with you

You’ll agree with us when we say that a party bus is a party on its own right. Each time you need to be transported with the party spirit, you just need to get our bus and boost your spirit some more. Why should you wait to arrive at the venue to begin partying? With our bus, the party will start right where you are.

Alternatively, our bus could be the venue too. This means you get to party while on the move. This saves you the trouble of finding a venue for your party.

Carrying supplies

Another unique benefit offered by this vehicle is the amenities. You can bring your party supplies on the bus including snacks, drinks, and decorations.

Why You Need A Divorce Lawyer

What do I need to bring to my first divorce lawyer?

Before you commit, consider these topics when meeting a divorce attorney:

1. What is the attorney’s response rate?

Is the attorney quick to respond? Does he/she respond just to respond, or does he/she take the time to answer your questions and give candid advice? Will a paralegal or other member of the legal staff be contacting you? Who will be your primary contact if you retain the firm? The amount of time it takes to respond and the quality of responses is important to feeling heard, understood, and supported both as a person and client.

2. What is the attorney’s price tag?

Choosing an attorney by his/her rate or size of a retainer is a poor way to find quality representation. An attorney who promises a “quickie divorce” with a low rate can be equally as bad as finding the attorney who charges the most and breaking the bank. Financial considerations are important, but as long as the attorney’s rates and retainer are competitive in the area, there are more important factors to consider when hiring your divorce attorney.

3. Is the attorney familiar with the area?

Legislation for divorce in each state and county may differ, so it is crucial to hire an attorney who understands local rules and customs. The divorce lawyer should also be familiar with judges and fellow legal folk in the area.

4. What is your ultimate goal?

Tell the attorney your ideal outcome and ask if it is attainable. He/she should be able to tell you a path to achieving your goal and whether or not it is attainable. Keep in mind while an attorney is knowledgeable regarding the law, he/she cannot guarantee any outcome!

5. Is the paperwork clear?

Ensure a contract is in writing and is explicit for what services you will be paying, should you settle on an attorney. The attorney’s hourly rate, hourly rate for legal staff (if any), details regarding reimbursements for the firm, and the name of the attorney who is in charge of your case should all be listed on a contract prior to signing.

Beyond the reviews, pictures, and exclusive deals, you must connect with your attorney on a personal level; they will serve as your advisor and confidant. While finding a divorce attorney to guide you through a life-changing event may seem daunting, keeping these five topics on your mind will help you evaluate the best fit for your situation.

As you most likely know, divorce is a turning point in life and should be taken very seriously; having the right divorce attorney by your side can help support your family in a personal and legal sense, and is crucial to beginning the next chapter of your life.

Documents to Show Your Divorce Attorney: A Checklist

You should not put a lot of pressure on yourself when you visit with your lawyer for the first time, but some documents can be helpful to your new attorney in assessing the issues in your case. Remember the military adage, “Proper Planning and Preparation Prevents Piss Poor Performance.” While the documents can seem personal, you should feel comfortable enough with your divorce lawyer that you are comfortable sharing – it will help you and your attorney be ready. Here are some of the most useful documents you can bring:

  • Intake Form. Most family law lawyers have an intake form that gives them a snapshot of the issues and your goals, and gives them important details about you and your family. At McCabe Russell, we don’t require you to fill it out our intake form advance, but if you can, it helps us move forward.
  • Agreements. If you and your spouse signed a prenuptial agreement or a postnuptial agreement (or if you’ve been working on a separation agreement), your attorney will need a copy.
  • Previous years’ tax returns (with attachments). There is a lot of information in a tax return that can be helpful to your attorney. If you can, bring one or two years to your initial consultation. The attachments (W2s, 1099s, etc) can also be very helpful, so don’t omit copying those.
  • Last 3 Paystubs (yours and your spouse’s). Like a tax return, pay stubs have crucial information on them (for example: rate of pay, hours worked, bonuses received) that can be helpful in assessing the financial issues in your case.
  • Mortgage Statement and/or Copy of Deed. It’s not uncommon for clients not to know what is owing on their own mortgage or even whether they are on the mortgage. Bringing a mortgage statement and a copy of the deed can help your lawyer determine the answers to these important questions.
  • Bank, Investment, and/or Retirement Account Statements (401ks, IRAs, 403bs, etc.). Even if you can only put your hands on one or two, account statements contain a ton of information and can help your attorney both assess and prepare.

Starting the Divorce Process: Related Resources

If you’re just starting the divorce process or planning to do so, you may feel overwhelmed by all of the steps required. If you also have children, the process can be much more emotionally draining. The following resources will help you make sense of your state’s divorce laws and the divorce process in general.

  • Divorce Discovery: Exchange of Documents and Information
  • Collaborative Divorce: Overview
  • Divorce Information by State
  • Reasons to Hire an Experienced Family Law Attorney
  • Divorce Mediation Lawyers and Divorce Mediation
  • If You’re Getting Divorced, Don’t Go it Alone: An Attorney Can Help

After determining which documents to show your divorce attorney at that first consultation, you’ll want to find the right attorney. But just because a lawyer has a lot of experience and great credentials doesn’t mean they’re necessarily the right fit, since style and personalities vary widely. If you need legal counsel, find an experienced divorce attorney near you today.


Before you even darken the lawyer’s door, make sure you know whether or not the lawyer is going to be charging for your first appointment.

Some lawyers offer an initial consultation for free; if so, they will usually advertise that first meetings are free. Other lawyers will offer an initial consultation for a reduced fee.

Most lawyers charge for initial meetings at their usual hourly rate. Do not assume that there will be no charge for your initial appointment. If you must make an assumption, assume that the lawyer will be charging you at the lawyer’s normal hourly rate.

If the lawyer is going to be charging for your first visit, they will usually expect payment once the meeting is done. All lawyers will take cash and cheques, and many will also take credit cards. Make sure you are able to pay for your first meeting when you book it.

How can I make the most of my first meeting with my lawyer?

Be prepared and organized. Bring basic information such as a simple statement of assets and liabilities, tax returns for the past three years and it is recommend that clients bring notes with bullet point topics they would like to discuss and questions they seek to have answered.

Should I bring all of my records to the first meeting?

No. In the first meeting, we will provide you with a comprehensive list documents for you to help us gather. Those will be reviewed and discussed in follow-up meetings.  It would be very inefficient and expensive to actually review extensive documents during the first meeting.

What information are you looking for in the first meeting?

At the first meeting, we look for broad information. We want to identify the major assets and liabilities, know if there are likely to be issues with parenting the children, examine what the typical monthly income and expenses have been to make an initial determination as to the need for spousal maintenance.  Lots of detailed information will be gathered later in this process.

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